Lying is a precept for Buddhists. When entering the Buddhist
path, to become a Buddhist, you need to take the three
refuges and the five precepts. The Three Refuges are taking
refuge in the Buddha, taking refuge in the Dharma, and
taking refuge in the Sangha. Five precepts of which the
fourth precept is not to lie.
In life, you see that when someone says even a single word,
everyone who hears it likes, loves, sympathizes, trusts, and
also listens and follows. There are also people who open
their mouths to speak, no matter how much they talk, no one
believes, no one wants to hear, and no one likes. There are
people who, when speaking, often bring comfort and coolness
to the listener's soul, making the listener feel like they
have just drunk a stream of cool water. There are also
people who, when speaking, make the listener uncomfortable
and frustrated. Therefore, words are very important, having
a great influence on the daily lives of all of us. So the
Buddha taught you to practice oral karma so as not to cause
evil karma, that is, to speak in the right way to avoid bad
karma caused by words, that is, to practice good things
about oral karma.
Thus, verbal karma is karma caused by words, beneficial or
harmful effects, good or bad can happen immediately, and can
also have consequences for the future or for the next life.
Oral karma can be good karma if what is said causes good
consequences by benefiting others or the community. Oral
karma can be evil if the words cause bad consequences that
harm others or harm the community.
Good or bad verbal karma can be caused by the content of the
speech, the tone of voice, and possibly by the attitude when
speaking. The content of speech not in accordance with the
Dharma causes bad karma. Each speech karma itself is also
expressed in many different forms such as Attitude and
facial expressions when speaking as if angry, such as
speaking with a gruff voice... Those things depend on the
motivation, and the speaker's purpose, depending on the
circumstances, time, and conditions of speaking.
It can be seen that if you feel that life is full of
suffering, not happy, and not peaceful, then you need to
adjust your words, making them both easy to hear and cute.
Because you also want to hear such cute and easy words. Or,
you need to adjust the sound and voice so that it is just
enough to hear, so as not to disturb others around in need
of quiet, for the soul to be purified, or to rest,
comfortable. Therefore, if you want peace and happiness, you
must eliminate false speech, the fourth precept is not to
lie. Not lying in a broad sense includes:
- Not telling the truth,
- Do not speak a two-way tongue,
- Do not speak maliciously and
- Don't talk nonsense.
In the narrow sense, it is just lying, that is, speaking not
true to the truth.
The topic of this writing is The Retribution of the Two-Way
Tongue, so you try to learn about the serious and minor sins
of the evil karma of two-way speech.
The two-way tongue speech, flippant speech, speech at this
time is this, but at other times, that is different. Telling
lies, taking wrong as right, taking right as wrong. People
of this type often bring the story of one person to another,
denigrate others, provoke, ridicule, scorn, and cause
aversion so that the two sides come to discord, conflict,
and hatred towards each other. They also say flippantly,
first saying this, then saying that in order to change black
and white and benefit them. People who speak two-way
tongues, one word they say can break other people's family
happiness and can make everyone, doubt each other. Those are
ambiguous words, putting things more or less, right says
wrong, wrong says right, yes says no, otherwise says yes.
In life, there are people who often create heavy verbal
karma. They talk like spitting blood, gossiping about the
world, inciting the east, looking for the west, inciting
everyone. People who slander, say two-way tongues are often
distrusted, despised, and shunned by people.
People who say two-way tongues often have a mind that is not
pure, like to quarrel, like to harm others with a malicious
mind, possibly for the sake of self-interest and also
because of hatred for something unsolvable. Spoken speakers,
two-way tongue talk can be caused by many different reasons:
1- Two-way tongue talk because of greed.
It is a case of having the intention to take over something,
so you put a bad story about this person and then tell it to
others in order to divide them to get your purpose. There is
a story in the Dhammapada that says:
In the time of the Buddha Kasyapa, there were two Venerables
living in harmony in a Monastery in a certain village. The
adults are sixty years old, the young are fifty years old.
The younger venerable usually carries the robe and bowl for
the elder and follows him, fulfilling all his duties like a
minor servant. They are like two brothers with the same
parents, they live in peace and harmony.
One day, a teacher came to the place where two venerable
monks were staying to teach the Dharma. Both Venerables
treated the guest monk and said:
- Venerable, please teach us the Dharma.
This teacher taught the Buddha Dharma to both of them, and
they were very happy. The next day, the two Venerables
brought guests into the village for alms. Returning to the
vihara, after eating, they asked again:
- Venerable brother, please continue to teach yesterday's
When entering the village for alms, the two monks asked the
teacher to preach the Dharma to the people. After listening,
the Buddhist invited the teacher to come tomorrow. Just like
that, they went for alms around the neighboring villages,
and the two monks also took the teacher to visit familiar
The Professor thought to himself:
- These two teachers are very gentle. I will find a way to
get them to leave this place and I will take possession of
this monastery. So that afternoon, the Teacher came to take
care of the elderly Venerable and said:
- Venerable, I have something to tell you.
The old monk said:
- Please keep talking.
The Teacher hesitated and then said:
- What I say is harmful.
Having said this, the Teacher silently walked away to the
place where the young venerable did the same. On the second
day, he also acted in the same way, on the third day the
teacher went to the elder monk and said:
- Sir, I have something to say, but I dare not say it in
front of you.
Elder Venerable pressed:
- It's okay, just say it.
The Teacher asked:
- But, do that little venerable have anything to do with
Elder Venerable said:
- What did he say? We are like brothers and sisters, one
receives what the other receives, I have never seen him
The Professor pretended to be surprised:
- Venerable, this is what the young Venerable said to me:
Sir, you are of a noble lineage, but this old Venerable is
not, if you intend to have a relationship with him, and
think that he is loyal and amiable, beware. That young
venerable has been repeating this to me since the day I
After hearing this, the elder Venerable felt extremely
angry, his heart was broken like a broken ceramic jar. The
Teacher went to the young Master and said the same thing as
above, and the young Venerable also felt as broken as his
brother. Usually, the two of them often go for alms
together, but that day the young Venerable entered the
village alone, ahead of his brother, and stopped at the
place of the meal, the older Venerable came later.
When he saw his brother, the young Venerable thought to
- Should I bring His robe or not? No, I don't bring it.
But then think:
- Drill! I have never behaved like this, I cannot fail to do
And softening his heart, the young Venerable went to the
- Venerable sir, give me the bowl and robe.
The elder Venerable refused:
- Go away, liar. You are not worthy to carry my robe.
As he spoke, he waved his hand contemptuously. Hearing this,
the young venerable also said:
- Yes, I also think I don't need to bring your bowl.
- Hey, do you think I miss this monastery?
The young Venerable also said:
- I don't need to stay at the monastery either. Your Vihara,
After saying that, the young Venerable took his bowl and
robe and left. The elderly Venerable also left, and instead
of going together as usual, now one goes to the East, the
other to the West. The guest teacher said to them:
- Stop doing that.
Two Elders said:
- Well, Venerable stay.
And the guest lecturer stayed as the owner of the monastery.
The next day, when the visiting teacher went to a
neighboring village, the people asked:
- Your Excellency, where are the others?
The guest lecturer replied:
- Don't ask me. The two monks got into a fight and left the
monastery yesterday. I tried my best to dissuade it, but it
Hearing this, some foolish people believed at once, but the
wise said to each other:
- During our stay here, we do not see the two Venerables at
odds with each other. If the other two venerable were afraid
to leave, it would be because the new Master came here to do
And they are very sad. Regarding the two Venerables, both
are insecure. The elder Venerable thought to himself:
- Oh! It's true that the little boy was very wrong when he
saw the customer he told the customer not to contact me.
And the young Venerable also thought so. Both were
frustrated and unable to read sutras or meditate. A year
passed, and coincidentally both of them went to a Western
monastery to practice and received the same room. Just as
the elderly Venerable entered the room and sat on the bed,
the younger Venerable also arrived. Seeing each other, they
couldn't hold back their tears. The young teacher thought:
- Should I say it or not? The story of hearing the guest
lecturer say that the Brother spoke ill of me, is not
And then the young Venerable came to greet the Elder,
- Venerable Sir, during the time when I carried my bowl and
robe with you, did you see any shortcomings in my thoughts,
words, and actions?
The elder Venerable replied:
- No, I don't see it.
"Then why did you tell the guest monk not to have anything
to do with me?"
Elder Ton Gi:
"Brother, I don't say that, but on the contrary, I hear you
say that about me.
"Sir, I never said that either.
At that time, they both realized that the visiting monk said
this only because he wanted to divide the brothers and also
take over the monastery, and they both admitted their fault
together. After a year of insecurity, now the two have
reconciled with each other. And the two Venerables returned
to the old monastery to invite the talkative teacher out of
When the guest lecturer saw the two monks returning, he
rushed to the front to take the robes and bowls. But the two
Elders looked at the visiting Teacher and said:
- You don't deserve to be in this monastery anymore.
Not daring to linger for a moment, the visiting professor
immediately left the monastery. After his death, a certain
guest lecturer fell into the Abhi Hell, during the time
between the two Buddhas being punished in Hell, and now in
the body of a huge demon, the body is nearly a mile tall,
the body but pig head, in the mouth grew a tail full of
worms squirming very miserable. So in the Dhammapada 281,
the Buddha said:
- Words are careful,
The body does not do evil,
Keep the three pure karma,
Acquire the teachings of the saints.
2- Whispering or Two-Way Tongue Talk due to malice because
These things often happen, in cases where the speaker has a
grudge against someone in mind, but does not directly harm
that person but uses others to harm. They make up bad
stories for that person and then tell them to the other
person so that the two people can misunderstand each other,
incite the two sides to contradict each other, leading to
bad results for the person they hate, even leading to
bankruptcy or loss of life. whole life.
Talking about the karmic consequences of two-way speech, it
is possible to take on heavy or light karmic consequences
depending on whether the subject is virtuous or unvirtuous.
If a person with malicious intentions speaks of division
between two virtuous people, that person has created very
heavy bad karma. If a person with malicious intentions says
a splinter between two people who are not virtuous, it can
be mild. But still have to bear the karma.
Indeed, the bad retribution of bad karma speaks very
- Those who create evil karma speak divisive words, if there
is a serious sin, then after death, the evil karma will
speak divisive words for results in the next rebirth period
in the evil realm such as Hell, Asura, hungry ghosts, and
Animals. That person suffers the result of evil karma,
saying that divisive word is commensurate with what has been
said, until the fruit of evil karma is completed, that
person will be released from the evil realm.
After escaping from the evil realm, if there is any other
great good karma that has the opportunity, it will give
results in the period of rebirth in the next life as a
- And the case, who creates evil karma to say divisive words
have a misdemeanor. After that person dies, if the bad karma
of divisive speech has not had a chance to bear fruit, in
the next rebirth period, he will be a human.
In both such cases, if the person who created the evil karma
were to become a human, he would also have to suffer the bad
consequences of the karmic retribution of divisive speech
that he made in the past. The commentary to the
Khuddakapātha Sutta has explained the fourteen bad results
of evil karma of divisive speech in the past life. His
present life must be received as:
1- Being a person with 5 unusual senses.
2- Being a person whose voice is not clear, or hard to hear.
3- Being a person with irregular, ugly teeth.
4- Being too fat, weird.
5- Being a person with a very thin body.
6- Being too short in stature,
7- Being too tall,
8- Being a person with rough, ugly skin.
9- A person who has a bad smell coming out of his mouth.
10- The one who says no one believes.
11- Being a speaker no one wants to hear.
12- A person with a hard and short tongue.
13 Being a person with a heart is often discouraged.
14- A person who has a stutter, or is mute and deaf.
Those are the fourteen bad results of the divisive speech
karma that one's previous life created. In order to
eliminate the verbal karma of two-way speech, Buddhists must
practice the righteous Dharma, speak the truth, eliminate
greed, and eliminate malice. Before you say something, you
need to focus on whether it is okay to say it or not. Use
your mind to judge how harmful you will be if you say such a
Stemming from such two-way words, many people, because of
lack of courage, listening, and belief, so they have lost
many good relationships, lost many opportunities and joys in
life without even knowing it. There are people who are very
close to each other, and just because of hearing bad words
like that, the relationship is broken. There are
relationships between colleagues who are having a little
disagreement over something, if they encounter bad people
like the above, instead of insignificant things, the
conflict with the other person becomes more intense, and
they no longer cooperates with each other again. At first,
they just hated each other on a normal level, but after
hearing the words of separation, the hatred became intense,
and eventually broke up. On the contrary, two-way talkers
are people who do not speak two-way tongues and do not talk
back. Such people are often respected by relatives and
friends, both far and near. People who do not speak two-way
tongues often use gentle words, comfort, counsel and help
brothers, relatives, and neighbors get along, making
everyone happy and at ease, no matter where such a person
is, also loved by all.
In short, People who often speak such bad words will later
suffer the consequences of living a lonely life, no one
cares about them... Therefore, in life, you should limit
yourself, if possible, and be careful with your words. You
should not come to one person to speak ill of another, to
another to speak ill of another, to fall into one of the
taboos that the Buddha taught. Especially talking bad about
others behind their backs, or disparaging others are all
ways to sow bad karma for you.
Double-tongued speech, or criticizing others behind their
backs often causes hatred and division. If you don't avoid
these things, you will get the same retribution. If you
criticize people for something, you will commit the same
thing in the next life. You can't remove it, but you have to
pay for all that badness.
There are many people when you first look at everything,
every aspect of them is very good, but their life is
suffering from constant troubles. Such karma, not because
they are bad in this life, but because they did wrong in
their previous lives, so they have to suffer in this life.
That is the cause and effect.
There are people who are often slandered, and faced with
difficult obstacles, it is possible that in a previous life,
they have planted this unwholesome karma. Although they do
not speak ill of anyone in this life, they are often
slandered and defamed by people. That is the retribution
that they do not know. Knowing such dangers, as a Buddhist,
you must think carefully before you speak.