Death is the
temporary cessation of a temporary phenomenon. Death is not
the complete cessation, death in this place but rebirth in
of Reincarnation is not a theory, but an indisputable fact.
It is the basis of Buddhist doctrine. So, after knowing,
understanding, and seeing how death and rebirth are, no
Buddhist dares to do evil, but on the contrary, always does
good deeds as a refuge for future lives. Through that, if
you are still wandering in samsara, or because you are still
enjoying the pleasures of this world, even though you have
bought a Prajna boat, you do not want to cross the river of
passion to reach the shore of liberation.
bodhisattva's vows to practice and transform to the point of
truth, goodness, and beauty are all based on this teaching
of Rebirth. Only karma can constitute Rebirth. Due to past
karma, there is the present Rebirth. Due to the combination
of present karma with past karma, there is a future rebirth.
The karma of the present is the offspring of the past and
becomes the parents of the future.
Buddhism, you are born from your actions, your parents only
give you the material basis. Thus, first, there must be
living beings (parents), and then there are living beings
(children). At conception, karma creates the first
consciousness, the rebirth consciousness to nourish the
fetus. The invisible power of karma created in the past life
creates a mental phenomenon that combines the vital
phenomenon in an existing physical phenomenon so that there
are three factors Consciousness, Vitality, and Pregnancy. It
is these three elements that make up a person. Therefore, in
many suttas, the Buddha often taught that beings who do evil
will be reborn in a miserable state after death, and those
who do good will be reborn in a happy state. And the Buddha
showed great compassion, so he often looked for people with
predestined conditions to save, because he saw that you were
creating sins that would adversely affect your future life.
many people think shallowly, thinking that death is the end,
they often overlook doing good and easily do evil, leading
to painful consequences for themselves, their families, and
society. While a disciple of the Buddha practices the
Dharma, having faith in karma and rebirth will reap many
practical benefits for himself, his family, and the
first of all, by properly understanding the Buddha's
teaching that your present life is good, or suffering comes
from actions created in your past life, you will easily
accept the situation that you are suffering from, It means
that you are happy to be responsible for the debt you have
borrowed from your past life, not resentful of the people
around you. And furthermore, by understanding the
consequences of past actions leading to the present life,
you can also be at peace with the disparity often called
injustice in society. As well as understand the cause of the
difference in intelligence, in health, in material life, in
spirit ... of you and others.
Buddhist who deeply believes in the fair and reasonable law
of cause and effect, that is, the thoughts, words, and deeds
created in the past life are the elements that form your
body and your present life. With such awareness, you
certainly do not need to avoid the results of karma in the
flow of samsara, on the contrary, it helps you to be careful
with your thoughts, words, and deeds Buddha taught, it is
inevitable to have a peaceful, happy, and liberated life in
the present and in the future. Regarding death and rebirth,
the Buddha taught, there are four causes of death as
1- The End
usually understand is a natural death, that is, death when
reaching old age, life expectancy has ended. Life expectancy
depends on the realm, depending on each sentient being,
there is no limit to any number. A person dies at the end of
his life like a lamp goes out because the oil has run out.
However, there are still cases where the life span ends but
one's karma has not ended, for example, the oil has run out
but the wick has not burned out, which means that if the
energy of karma is still latent, one can continue living in
Termination of Karma.
is the end of the birth karma or the karma of rebirth in
that life. Whether good or bad, the ability to pay the
results of that karma can no longer progress, must give
way to new birth karma, or new re-created karma. That new
karma is the mental action created by that person at the
time of death, has the power to govern rebirth. At that
moment, when the old birth karma ended, death appeared. At
that time a special power of new birth karma created a new
life in a new realm.
3- Longevity And Karma End Together.
This is the case when a person dies in old age, and at the
same time, his birth karma ends.
If the first case is that the lamp is off due to running
out of oil, the second case is because the wick is low,
but the oil is still there, then the third case is out of
oil and the wick is low.
4- The Interference Of Karma.
The intervening karma is a very heavy type of karma,
capable of destroying the birth karma of sentient beings.
These are usually bad deaths, due to the heavy killing
karma from the past to the time of fruition. For example,
death by explosion, stabbing knife, car crash, fire,
drowning... including all kinds of deaths called
The first three types of death are called timely death,
the fourth and last type are called untimely death. The
first three types of death are compared to running out of
oil, the wick is exhausted, the wick and the oil are
exhausted, the fourth type of karmic cessation is likened
to the wind blowing out while the oil is not exhausted and
the wick is still there!
Those who are about to die, due to the power of karma, are
affected by one of the following four karmas:
- Extreme karma means very powerful karma.
- Habits of karma means doing things every day.
- Accumulation of karma is the type of karma due to
accumulation, containing groups from time to time not
- Near-death karma means karma at the time of death.
- If it
is extremely serious karma, whether good or bad,
immediately the dying person is affected by this karma, no
karma can interfere. The next order is karmic habits, due
to habits by actions often done in daily life.
Accumulating karma, doing karma from time to time, if
gathered to form a tendency, a personality can also lead
to birth consciousness leaving rebirth. And if there is
karma done before the end of the breath called near-death
karma, then this karma determines the realm of rebirth.
However, regardless of the karma, the dying person will be
governed by the signs of karma and the signs of the realms
1- Signs of karma
It is the actions that one has created and practiced in
daily life that have become inertia, which automatically
appears very clearly in the consciousness of the dying
person. For example:
- Blood pot, knife... for the butcher.
- Pictures of patients, needles, medicines... for
- Flower vases, sutras, relic boxes... for a person with a
- The smell of incense, the scent of flowers... for those
who often set up an altar to the Buddha.
- A beautiful book, an elegant collection of poems... for
writers and poets.
- A landscape of mountains, mountains, and water,
sentient... for the hermit.
When the marks of karma as above appear, immediately
afterward the signs of bad realms also appear.
2- The Realms of Karma.
This is the appearance of the realm of rebirth.
Appearances of the realm of rebirth depending on good or
evil, purity or pollution... they will appear in the will
of the dying person. For example:
- Seeing the forest of fire, the sea of blood, the tunnel
of knives, the tunnel of thorns... This is the symbol, the
manifestation of hell.
- Seeing the deep tunnel, fishy, foul... is the symbol,
the appearance of entering the animal's womb.
- Seeing the way to the high clouds with brilliant and
glorious colors... is the symbol, the manifestation of the
way to the heavenly scenes...
In these moments, how the marks of karma appear, the
rebirth consciousness will depend, immediately attach to
that realm. Therefore, this moment of death is very
important, so you can create good near-death karma to
support the dying person by using forms such as Buddha
statues, scriptures, or sounds such as chanting or
reciting Buddha's name… to suggest, remind the mind of the
dying person to remember the good karma that he or she
created when he or she was still alive..
is because of the intimate relationship of Life, Death,
and Rebirth that continues on the continuous stream of
human life, Samantabhadra Bodhisattva has reminded you to
practice, how to be reborn in the realms that you know in
advance, you will not fall into the miserable states.
Indeed, knowing your past life is knowing what you did in
your previous life. If you have done meritorious deeds in
your previous life, so in this life, you will have a life
of abundance, peace, and happiness, then you should
continue to do more virtuous deeds. If you know that you
have committed many sins in your previous life, so this
life will suffer like this, but if you still have some
good roots to escape from hell, then you have to be afraid
and not make the same mistake again. At the same time, you
also have to work hard to be patient, endure the current
difficult living situation and strive to overcome it so as
not to fall back to hell, gradually you will also reap
make every effort to practice the Buddha's teachings in
every thought, in every deed, to make a good condition for
each rebirth to practice the Bodhisattva path. For wisdom
and morality to always sublimate, together with sentient
beings of the same direction, to make a vow, to jointly
build a solid house of Dharma. To be a refuge for all
those who are predestined to live together, to practice
together to make each person's heart bloom with flowers of
compassion, flowers of wisdom, flowers of peace, flowers
Buddhist theory of cause and effect, karma, and rebirth
emphasizes the responsibility of man for his life in this
life and the next. Therefore, it also calls people to have
a full sense of responsibility for all their actions,
words, and thoughts every day, every hour, even in every
moment of life. Encourage people to always think good, do
good, avoid all unwholesome thoughts, words and deeds. It
can be said that the theory of cause and effect, karma,
and rebirth encourages people to always strive to live a
good and ethical life.
Theory of Reincarnation asserts that man, like all
sentient beings, does not live only one life but has lived
many lives, and after this life, will continue to live
many more lives. And the power to lead people to live over
and over again for so many lives is due to the power of
karma. The fruits of all your deeds in this life form a
force called the force of karma of rebirth, which will
propel you to a new life, another life, in which your
status and the circumstances of your life are determined
by the results of the karmas of this life.
theory of reincarnation and the theory of karma are of
great importance to personal and social life. It tells,
where does the current man come from, and where will he go
after he dies? It also tells what the meaning of life is.
Why do humans exist in this world? Why is it that even
though they are the same human species, their status is so
Those are very basic, very important issues; but modern
people, living a chaotic life, burying their heads in the
pursuit of power, money, and beauty... almost never care,
what can be said about liberation from birth and death,
Only when death is near, or when encountering a great
misfortune, do people in life come to their senses,
suddenly realizing that they have squandered almost a
whole life in pursuit of unreal values, just water
bubbles, floating duckweed..etc...
Therefore, to have good baggage for rebirth, to be born in
a good realm, you must now know how to live an honest
life. The creation of karma comes from within the mind, so
good or bad thoughts create your karma. If you can't
control your mind, it's hard to avoid creating bad karma.
The mind is always in danger of thinking unwholesome
Watch your mind. Make sure you always practice the Four
Noble Truths. That is the best thing you can do for
yourself, to achieve good karma.
From the mind arise speech and action. You cannot speak
without forethought, cannot act without the mind to do it.
Even though sometimes it seems that you speak or act so
instinctively that you are not aware that the thought has
run through your head. But that does not mean that they
are not present in the mind first. It is there, but
because you don't have mindfulness and clear
understanding, you think it's not.
mind is the most precious asset you have. There is no
gold, silver, or jewel that can be compared with it, for
the mind contains the seed of enlightenment. If you do not
use it for the right purpose, you have foolishly buried
the treasure in the black earth. However, sentient beings
often do so, because they are not advised to guide them in
the right direction.
When you realize that you already possess this precious
jewel mind, you should keep it so that it doesn't lose its
brilliance, so that it stays pure, illuminating to create
Everything you do with the good intention of Right Thought
is the second factor of the Eightfold Path that is your
guide. Karma is created according to the mind, and the
pure mind depends on meditation. If you practice
regularly, diligently, gradually you will see what is
going on in your mind clearly. Some people are completely
satisfied even if they achieve only a little peace, even
so, it is an advantage and progress. If you can observe
the mind in your practice, you will also learn to observe
the mind in your daily life. Then you will have many
opportunities to create good karma.
live an honest life, you will have a good rebirth. If the
mind is in a wholesome state at the time of death, the
karma of rebirth will be good. You can be reborn in the
heavenly realm, or the human realm, which is one of two
relatively good realms. If you live a sinful life, then
bad rebirth will go to one of the four states of
suffering: hell, hungry ghost, animal, or Asura. But no
matter where you are reborn, you will not stay there
forever, because when the life span there expires, death
happens and it will take you to be reborn in a new realm.
So life in hell or hungry ghosts is not permanent. There
is hope for an opportunity, although it may take an
incalculable time to get it. So it's better that you don't
fall into places of misery, once you're in there no one
knows how long they'll have to stay there. Can seem
endless! Likewise, life in the heavens is not permanent.
When life there is finished, it is possible to fall into a
lower realm. Only arahants who have shed all desire for
rebirth, have removed all the defilements of greed,
hatred, and delusion, will not have to be reborn again.
addition, in order to have good luggage, to support the
relatives, by doing good deeds such as:
food and necessary items to monks and nuns, sponsor the
printing of sutras and give alms to charity, such as
accommodation for the elderly, charity hospitals, and
facilities for the disabled. ….
be done should be done immediately, do not wait. The
offering of the Three Jewels, such as when asking monks
and nuns to pray for the deceased, should not be
considered as payment for monks and nuns to recite
prayers, but rather as an offering to pray for blessings
for the deceased. This in itself is a good deed, the doer
does not lose any merit but also gets more because sharing
and the act of sharing is another meritorious act. So when
doing that good deed, the person who does the good deed
has two merits:
first is to perform a good behavior
- And the
second is sharing the merit.
presence of monks and nuns to chant and pray for the
deceased is also great spiritual support for the families
who have just lost their loved ones. By the way, monks and
nuns can remind living relatives of the Buddha's teachings
on impermanence, suffering, and non-self. If you
understand and accept the Buddhist concept of immediate
rebirth karma, then you will understand how important it
is to practice good deeds while you are alive. Because
doing good deeds, you will have good karma.
your real legacy, for only action or karma can follow you.
After death, burning paper houses, paper cars, paper
money, etc., does not help the dead person. Doing this
goes against the logic of karma. What's more, you can't
decide what burning here can turn into what's on the other
side of the world. What is burned is only burning; it's
still the burnt one. When reborn, sentient beings will
live with food suitable to the conditions and
circumstances of life there.
Buddha taught as explained before, doing some good deeds
is to remember the dead and share the merit by chanting
prayers and dedicating the merit done, and praying for the
dead, with the only wish that the deceased will be reborn
in a good realm through this blessing.
properly prepare for rebirth, when meeting a dying person,
you should absolutely avoid disturbing them. Especially
not to make them angry or cry so that they develop
attachment. On the contrary, you must remind them to
practice, practice at the last moment, for example,
visualize images of Buddhas, or certain teaching according
to their beliefs. If the person does not follow any
religion, it is advisable to help them die in peace and
When the dying person becomes comatose, if you are a
practitioner, remind the dying person what he or she
practices every day. If relatives want to do good to the
dying person, they can recite the chant by themselves or
invite the monks to come home to chant and pray. In case
there are no monks to guide, family members can recite
Buddha's name together. After the funeral, the family
continues to pray and chant until the 49th day to
cultivate merit as a preparation for the soul to easily
find a way to be reborn in a good realm.
For the dying, and the recently deceased, the best way you
want to help is to generate your own compassion towards
the dying person. Your love and compassion are very
beneficial to the dying person because it arises from your
heart so it is easy to show that person the unconditional
compassion that the dying person desperately needs. Your
true compassion will create a peaceful atmosphere for the
dying person to think about their high spiritual dimension
and future path of rebirth. Another important thing is
that you do not alienate and leave the dying person alone.
Death is the truth and the most terrible fear for the man.
Therefore, you should be by their side, offer comfort, or
look them in the eye with sympathy. The body also has a
love language, use it, and don't be afraid lest they
stink, get dirty, or fear they'll take you along. If you
can show such affectionate gestures, you will bring the
dying person the greatest peace at the end of their life.
When you are sure that the person is dead, you still
maintain your boundless compassion and together with
everyone around the dead person chant loudly the names of
the buddhas such as Medicine Buddha, Buddha Shakyamuni,
Buddha A Amitabha ..... As mentioned, if you recite the
Buddha's name with your boundless compassion, this will be
valuable baggage to give to the dying person on the path
There are two categories of people to consider here. The
first is people of faith. The second is a person who does
not follow a particular religion. If the dying person is a
Buddhist, we chant sutras and recite the Buddha's name to
help them transcend. If the person has no religion, the
best thing to do to help them is to advise them to think
of the good people and the best things in life. When a
person is dying and in that moment of confusion, there is
nothing better than giving them that feeling of peace and
warmth of human affection, this feeling is very beneficial
to their consciousness for a second, minute of rebirth.
Buddhists, you can remind them to dedicate themselves to
what they used to do and practice. You can remind them
about generating bodhicitta, awakening mind, pure mind,
and concentrating on reciting the Buddha's name... This is
very beneficial for a Buddhist. For non-believers, you can
advise them to think:
May everyone be happy, may all souls be happy, pray for
all sentient beings to be free from their sufferings.
Ideas for the good of others are very helpful to the
Buddhists who are about to die, you should remind them of
the Buddha's deeds, remember the image of a certain
Buddha, maybe put a Buddha image in their room... This is
very helpful and is a condition for the spirit to be
reborn in the pure land. Immediately after the person
dies, it is very important to note that the body of the
dead person should not be touched, as this is the time of
the seven great dissociations that cause great pain to the
dead person's body. If you touch it, it will make the dead
body even more painful. At this time, even though a dead
person can't talk to you, when the body is in pain, the
soul will get angry, because the soul only remembers
anger, so many good deeds done while alive forget all,
immediately fall into evil.
Once you have determined that the person will die, it is
important that you fulfill all their wishes. If the person
who is about to die is always angry, then you should do
something to stop that person's anger, to keep him or her
in a calm and peaceful state. Avoid making noise and move
around often with that person. If the dying person is too
attached to relatives such as spouses, parents, and
children, then it is best not to let these relatives come
near. Try to do this to end the dying person's attachment.
If it is certain that the person is going to die, then you
should give the person food or drink that will keep him or
her happy and satisfied, even if food has been abstained
during treatment. On the contrary, if the dying person
likes to eat and drink, but you do not satisfy their
desire, this will make the dying person angry and cause
the person to fall into the hungry ghost species. If you
try to speak Dharma to a dying person but he or she
doesn't like to hear it, you'd better not say it, because
this will make the dying person aversion to the Dharma.
a person believes in the help of others and is also
someone who has helped others in this life, you should
remind him or her of good deeds and congratulate him on
the good he has done. This makes one's mind happy and one
will be reborn in a happy place. If you help the dying
person's wish come true, that person will be very
satisfied. This prevents the dying person's craving,
anger, attachment, and other wrong views from arising,
thus helping the dying person not to fall into a bad realm
but to be reborn in a good realm. For Buddhists and those
who have received and maintained certain dharma, it is
very convenient if they are reminded of the ten things the
Buddha taught before death as follows:
You should not develop an attachment to all desires in
this life, but should try and avoid directing attachment
to your loved ones, because even if they meet again in the
next life, they will have to part. In your dying moment,
you have to leave everything behind. You should also not
be attached to your body, because at the time of death you
must also leave it. You don't miss things like food,
clothes, or houses, because those things eventually give
up on you.
You should generate compassion and love for all sentient
You should stop all resentment and enmity, otherwise, it
will harm you in the next life.
All the precepts that you uphold, if you have violated
them, you must try to repent for purity before you die.
You must develop a strong mind in the future life and will
maintain and keep the pure Dharma precepts.
You must feel sorry for the negative karma that you have
caused others in this life and must repent in order to
easily be reborn.
You must remember the merits that you have done in this
life, the merits of others have done, and develop the
intention to continue to do in the future.
You should think it's time for you to leave for the next
life, there's nothing to fear because that's the natural
law of birth and death.
You have to see that all phenomena are caused by causes
and conditions and also by causes and conditions that
You must contemplate that all phenomena are selfless so
that you can get rid of suffering and achieve peace.
After the consciousness leaves the body and enters the
intermediate body stage, that is, the life of the
transitional period between this life and the next. This
transitional period for a person to go to be reborn into a
new body in a new world is seven weeks. Every seven days
the bardo body dies and then is reborn in another bardo
until it can contact the future parents to take rebirth.
reason the consciousness has to suffer in this
intermediate process of birth and death is that the
person's good and bad karma created in the previous life
will determine to lead them to the right place, so it
takes time to find out future life. Forty-nine days is a
time shared by everyone, but there are many people who,
after dying, immediately go to be reborn in another realm.
But there are also some others who have to wait until the
49th day, at 24 o'clock, to go for rebirth.
Usually, when a person is dying, you chant a prayer or
remind them, they all hear it, even the unconscious person
can too. Souls in the bardo also have the ability to hear,
feel and understand when you do alert them. Therefore, the
first seven weeks after death is a very important time for
the living to do everything possible to assist the dead in
I said once, not everyone who dies goes through the bardo.
There are some people who practice enlightenment, lead a
holy and beneficial life, and when they die they are
directly reborn in a good realm and not through this
intermediate stage. Similarly, a person who commits five
serious sins such as: Killing his father, killing his
mother, killing an Arhat, insulting the Buddha, destroying
the Dharma, or having a negative, evil life, when he dies,
he will fall into hell, or a certain bad realm but not
through the intermediate body stage.
short, the best preparation for rebirth is to practice
spirituality throughout your life. First of all, by
getting rid of greed, hatred, and delusion and purifying
the ten negative karmas if you have committed them in the
past, you express your regrets and make a vow not to
violate the precepts in the future. This is the teaching
common to all sentient beings. For a person who has taken
the vows to practice, or a practitioner with training, you
must repent and purify all the precepts and vows that you
addition, if you want to be rich in the next life, you
must practice generosity, if you want to be happy, you
must observe morality, if you want to live a long life,
you should abstain from killing, if you want to be admired
and respected, you must practice patience. If you want to
be liberated, practice the six actions of Bodhisattvas. In
general, if you get rid of all negative karma, purify all
negative karma, and turn to meritorious actions, it gives
you a force of inner joy. When death comes to you, it is
the energy of merit and virtue that will propel you to
another life of safety and happiness. It is the best
preparation for a meaningful rebirth.