DHARMA IN EVERYDAY LIFE
THE DANGEROUS PASSIONS
By Nhất Quán
Today is February
23 the year 2020
The lecture I
would like to introduce to the public today is the dangerous
The Golden Jewel
Word of Buddha already told us about the dangers of passion to
play cards. The persons like to play card look like a magnet that
when two magnets put nearly it will stick together can not
separate. Similarly, as a person who likes to play a card when he
passes by the casino is certainly he must step inside that can not
stop. Because people's ignorance do not aware of the truth of the
trap of gambling, knowing that go to those places, and then start
to play the game is that person does not have a penny in the
wallet to go home. But, many people still bring their body to that
place because they thought for fun, but the truth is looking for
sees and Right Understand when using the Right Viewing thinking
about the playing card passions and other passions can not
control. Therefore Buddha taught his disciples, but the most are
the Buddhist layman about the dangers of passion to play a card to
keep far away it.
The reason, when
the six organs as eyes, ear, nose, tongue, body and mind contact
with scenes as sight or visible objects, sounds, smell, taste,
touch, and idea, thought, or mental objects and then create out
six consciousness as sight consciousness, hearing consciousness,
scent consciousness, taste consciousness, body-consciousness, and
mind-consciousness. When a person in contact with hobbies plays
around, the mind of that person becomes black-dark, at those times
only do what the passion guiding, but not thinking after look back
the wallet there not having a penny, at that time in the mind fun
To take control of
our minds, daily we must be protection our six organs if we are
not protected our six organs seriously, our mind is very easy to
run everywhere and pursue a dangerous passion. When we release our
mind no control, at that time the hundred or thousand kinds of
suffering, afflictions also from there arisen.
Once, our mind
always thinking about gain or loss in the casino is our behavior
express through the act and also the language with insiders. There
are no fewer people the mind always thinks about the gain or loss
in casino, therefore in their mind arisen the attachment, so they
ready left the job and every day has to bring their body into the
casino, spent all day there.
Buddha of teaching
who still desire about to play cards that never have a happy life
neither help for the family, nothing to do for communities,
social, even more, It is impossible to practice the religion of
liberation. Because of the passion for play cards that the mind of
person becomes crazy and creates many cruel. The mind of a person
who passions for play cards has such a strong charismatic power
because of the mental desire to play cards that people have to get
a hundred, thousand such suffering. This is the cause the people
drifted in the samsara of birth and death, that is:
- Heaven, A Su La,
Human being, Animal, Hell, and Hungry ghost,
Because of the
ignorance the people can not awareness the truth of suffering,
therefore the person runs after that round and rounds no way to
escape. The people already know the mental desire to play cards is
the uncle of poor and hungry, illness, and dangerous. Many people
that especially the young man do not see that, so forever run
Lady and gentleman
should know, what people call is entertainment or for fun to
release the stress that is the only temporary and very fragile.
That is the entertainment of constraint, clinging is dominated by
the cheat of gambling from the people who know to calculate very
At the first
moment, you step into the casino is fun because at that time there
are nobody gain or loss, so in the mind of people still calm,
there is nothing stress or hurry up, the behavior of the people at
the group of Play cards is still respecting to each other. But
over time, there are some people who gain, there are some people
lost, some of them gain is fewer, but lost too much, at that time
there is no more respect for each other, they are start argument,
yell to each other.
- A person,
Because of the mind of desire to play cards is already
infiltrating and reign on the body and mind so it makes his body
and mind become black-dark.
Dìgha Nikàya Sutra II, Sigàlovàda sutta Buddha already told about
the dangers of passion to play cards. There are six dangerous:
- If the person who wins, so many person enmities him.
- If the person lose, in his mind become sorrow
- The properties at the present time become nothing
- The words of the person who lost properties because to play
cards there are no value at the public
- The friends become contemptuous.
- The person who is the passion for play cards unworthy to marry.
As we already
know, play cards, gamble, black and red game, we can say that is
the passion of many people. Normal, at times the family reunites,
at the festival, and the most is the first day of the new year,
usually people look for fun by play cards, and some other kind of
game, they just spent a little money, but the main is for fun.
However, there is
very few people's awareness to stop the right time that the
majority of several people so greedy, angry, and ignorant,
therefore, they make more mistakes. At the beginning just only for
fun on the first day of the new year, the days of the festival but
after that until monthly and around the year. From to play for fun
to the small of amount money to large amount money and then
continue to gain and lose, until pledge property and at last,
total lost do not remain anything.
A greedy, lazy,
wrong view, so believe about the luck or unluck that is the
characteristics of the people passion gamble. Enter the world of
red and black of the gamble that means the person has to face to
face with danger waiting on the front. According to the
enlightenment of Buddha, there are six kinds of danger for the
people who are the passion for gamble as I already mention above.
One of the six dangers for the people who are the passion for a
gamble, if win that person is not sure security for life. Besides
the people win, there are many people loss, those people, the
money in the account, in the saving, the properties gradually left
their hand. So every people already knowing, there are many people
lost a lot of money, so what do they do when they have nothing to
lose. Because they need money continuing gamble with the hope gain
money back, therefore by anyway to get money, even steal, or kill
people to rob property, They will not refuse any kind of action to
have money to continue gamble
forms, the various metamorphosis to penetrate into everywhere,
every level in the society, and also in the Virtual World through
gamble as lottery, betting or in the sports games, etc. In the
virtual world, the internet also has a gamble to stimulate the
greed of people. Therefore, more than ever as a Buddhist layman we
must have the right livelihood, which means we have to look for
the right job is the most important. Give up the virtual thought
is good luck and bad luck, adjusted the bad habit is a passion of
gamble and also must leave far away from several forms of
entertainment not healthy that is the action the Buddhist layman
needs to practice.
If we do not early
awareness that always runs after the gamble is as the people who
hit the javelin but do not know. In the Samyutta Nikàya Sutra II,
Chater 6, part 1. Talking about the turtle as following:
- The time, Buddha
resident at Sàvatthi, at that time Buddha teach to Bhikshus:
Monks, once upon a
time, there is a turtle live in the pond of water, then this
turtle told to another turtle:
- Don't go to that
does not listen to and go to that area, right away the hunter
launching javelin has rope hit right on the back of this turtle.
When seeing this turtle come, the turtle in the pond of water ask:
- Hey you, does
the hunter shoot you, do you have any injury?
- No, I do not
have any injury, The hunter did not shoot me, but there is a
javelin include a rope sticky on my back.
- Hey friend, you
already injury! The hunter already shoot javelin has a rope on
Because of this
kind of materials that our brother, sister, parent fall into
disaster and unfortunate.
Hey Bhikkhus! The
hunter is a metaphor for the devil, javelin is metaphor for
benefits, fame, and reverence. The rope is a metaphor for greed.
Any Bhikshu monk or Bhikshu nun who still passion the benefits,
fame, and reverence and living in the passion of love that mean
that bhikshu was hit by the javelin, these Bhikshus falls into the
disaster, at that time the devil who can do anything they want.
The benefits and
fame are two of the very attractive in the world, so when one did
not deduct the mind of the desire of oneself, of course, we are
being attracted to the five kinds of desire. The problem here, is
there the one recognized these dangers, and then oneself controls
and regulates the mind and body on the front of the hurricane of
The story of a
turtle, the hunter shot a javelin have the rope on the back of the
turtle, but the turtle does not know he is in disaster, it make us
think. Maybe, sometimes in our minds also stick with the javelin
of fame and profit, but we do not know, because we do not feel any
hurt, and also do not have any problem. That as the same as the
turtle, due to the tortoiseshell on the very thick so he does not
feel hurt, as the same as we are, the desire too much so we do not
Always do the good
deed, good karma or train your mind is the one very good. However,
take care of your compassion, service for a human being for last
long in the spirit non-ego is truly not easy. Because when you are
successful, it is very easy to make the ego become conceit. Once
your ego present is the greed and the attach also begins to arise,
thus a javelin has the rope appear and the control of the devil
will happen to follow.
Therefore, always the awareness of the danger of the profit, fame,
reverence, so there is no passion for the sweet of desire, we can
preventive the javelin aimed at us.
If sometimes the hunter easy control the turtle was caught by the
javelin does what he wants, so the as the same as us when we are
passion the sweet of desire profit, fame, etc... At that time we
also were controlled by the devil, so we are similar as the fishes
were hooked by the hook, can not swallow down either release out.
These things, Buddha already told us in the Samyutta Sutra, Ocean
chapter, the Fisherman, The Sutra said:
resident at Ràjagaha, in mango garden Jivaka. At that time Buddha
calls the Monks:
Hey Monks, like
one person fish in a deep lake, he tosses into the water a hook
with prey. One fish eat the prey and swallow the hook. So, Hey
Monks, that fish swallow the hook so going to the unfortunate, go
to distress, so the hunter he can do anything he wants.
At the same as,
Hey Monks, There are the 6 hooks in life guiding to unfortunate
for the sentient being, bring to disastrous for the living being.
What are those six hooks?
Hey Monks, there
are the visible objects that were sawed by the eyes, from that
there are happy, joy, love, attractive, etc are relative to
desires, if you enjoy, praise, attachment, and passion in these
visible objects. So hey monks, these people swallowed the hook of
the devil, these people going to the unfortunate, distress and the
devils can do what they want.
And, when the
ears, nose, tongue, body and, mind when contact with the sounds,
smell, taste, touch, and idea, thought, or mental objects, etc.
all is the same as the eyes when contacting the visible objects,
etc. At that time, the devils can do what they want.
The senses of the
human are the tools to use to recognize the objective world and
also use to recognize the internal mind of every sentient being.
That senses, in the Sutra of Buddha, called that is the organs.
The protective and control these organs are one of many ways to
cultivate very important in Buddhism. We can say, from these six
organs that every people can build for our own a happy, peaceful,
liberty world or contrast is a suffering, negativity and
When the senses
contact its objects, as eyes contact with the visible objects, ear
heard the sound, etc... then the desire mind arises and the owned
dream formed. And hence the people try hard by anyway to seek,
conquer for owned desire satisfy. Buddha said:
- This behavior as
same as the fishes swallow the hook with the desired prey of the
devils, and at that time the Devil can do anything he wants
Agree that try
hard to build the perfect life, affluence is the purpose of the
human being. But, because of the desired mind never satisfy,
therefore the life forever is the way toward in the dominant of
the desire and ignorance. In fact, we are suffering is not because
we lack something, but because the mind desire too big, dream too
much. Therefore, If we keep in mindfulness when six organs contact
the six objects as do not attractive, not run after that, not lose
ourselves we avoid the hooks of the devils.
We are living in
this world, but we do not contaminate the dirt, which depends on
we are know how to cultivated to control and protect the six
endorse the life there is sweet, that is the kind of happiness is
very fragile. The six organs as eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body,
and mind. And what the people feel from visible objects, sound,
smell, taste, touch, and idea, thought, or mental objects. This
dharma all by predestined arising, impermanent, suffering, no-ego.
In other words, everything in this world although good or bad,
happy or unhappy, all everything will be changing, and there is
nothing is permanent. So, the danger of passions, we can
understand follow the nature law: There is arise, of course, it
will be destroyed.
Another way, the
dangers of life also we can see from the desires and selfishness
of the people. Once, the desires want to possess and satisfy the
sweet entertainment on life, the human does not care about any
moral and falling to the evil behavior, dispute, wars, invasion,
and harm to each other creating the suffering for oneself and
other people. This is what happens almost around the world
When you see the
danger of the mind of desire and understand the body impure. The
human wants no more suffering, then should thinking about it to
right understand, right perception this life to live in the moral
life, do not create the suffering oneself and other people. That
when you have less passion, you have the less suffering.
Termination the passions, then do not have the danger to yourself.
In the technique metallurgical, the remove the impurities from the
gold is one of the stages the most important to make the pure
gold. As the same as, in the field of mind training, the most
important is removed the unclean, dirty out of the mind, and then
you will have the pure mind.
If you want your
body and your mind peace, first and the most important you must
jump over the five obstacles those are desire, anger, ignorance,
egotistical, and doubt. Those are the five impurities, unclean
making our mind attachment to desires from that making the
obstacles our peace mind. Therefore the begin to clean up our mind
that means first we must purification these five obstacles.
Our mind is never
quiet, that always agitated, only sit quietly a couple of minutes
we are easy to recognize right away. Therefore, the first step to
practice for the peace mind, the five obstacles will cause big
problem make us difficult reaching to mindfulness. However, if we
diligent to concentrate our mind on purpose such as: following the
in-breath and out-breath, counts the name of Buddha, or keep the
mind with the mantra, at the same time we record very clearly
about the appearance, stay or go of the five obstacles, and also
other afflictions if possible. Such, gradually we establish the
mindfulness, we will peace in reside stably in our subject
Mindfulness is a
very good weapon to destroy the five obstacles. Therefore,
practicing to develop regular mindfulness to the highest states
that is the foundation important of the peace mind. Controlling
and transforming the five obstacles that are we step on the new
stage the road to sublimation of mind.
From the first
basic, with effort about the peace mind, we destroy the ten
fetters, which meant we already cross over a long road stage that
controls our desire mind, angry, and ignorance, at that time we
are not run after the danger passion anymore.
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