DHARMA IN EVERYDAY LIFE
- A PERFECT LIFE
By Nhat Quan
the concept of the world, the person who is considered to
have a perfect life must be the person who must have money,
excess material, and high fame. In the house, servants, and
helpers. Out on the street, someone goes ahead to clear the
way, and someone behind protects…. On the contrary, it is
not considered a perfect life. However, according to the
Buddhist concept, a person's life is considered perfect, not
about money, and fame, but about merit and karma. Each of
you, who is born into this life, has different karma or
blessing, someone is born a king, crown prince, or princess.
There are people who were born as officials, presidents,
prime ministers, leaders, capitalists, educators, scholars,
doctors, etc., there are also many people who are born with
extraordinary beauty, making everyone who sees it fall in
love. There are beauties, beauty queens... All of this is
due to the blessings of many previous lives of these people,
and now they only enjoy what they have planted in the past.
They have done meritorious deeds, they have given alms, have
made offerings to the Three Jewels, helped the world, helped
the people, helped the country, etc. That cause in the past
kept accumulating in one or more lifetimes to become some
great benefit, when they become human again, they themselves
inherit the blessings that they have cultivated and created
retribution, there are people who, when born, have to fall
into poor families, and lack food, clothing, and lack of
everything. There are also many people who were born without
eyes, ears, nose, tongue, limbs, etc.
the past those people committed the killing, stealing,
sexual misconduct, etc., which means they have borrowed too
much from the karmic bank, so now they have to repay the old
debt for many lifetimes. So even though those people in this
life try to work as hard as they can in all professions,
poverty is still complete, because the karmic debt has not
been paid off, but poverty has not ended.
considered a perfect human being, one must have all five
blessings. Those five blessings are Long life, wealth, peace
of mind and body, knowing how to accumulate yin virtue, and
being at ease at the time of death.
- Longevity: A
life that does not die prematurely, but has a long life of
- Wealth is
money, wealth, gold and silver abundance, and having a noble
- Peace of
mind and body is a healthy body and a peaceful mind.
Accumulating yin virtue is often doing good deeds to
accumulate yin virtue.
- Peace of
mind at the time of death means that these people can know
in advance the date and time of their death. At the end of
their lives, there will be no adverse disasters, the body
will not be sick, and the heart will no longer have
attachments and worries about the family and world, peace
and freedom to leave the human world.
The day you
were born you know, but the date and time of your death no
one knows. Except for those who dedicate themselves to
spiritual practice and get enlightened, if not, no one will
know how long your time in this life is, and when you face
death. So the proverb to warn yourself really well is:
morning does not guarantee afternoon.
truth of human life is impermanent is of great benefit to
you. People who understand that human life is impermanent,
not real, so the distractions and cravings also know how to
control themselves, not have the opportunity for cravings to
arise. Awareness of human life is impermanent, it is the
clue to wisdom and also the first step to overcoming the sea
of sufferings of birth and death. The book has a sentence:
with compassion live a long life.
you treat people with kindness and tolerance, you will
definitely get good results. A person's reason for living a
long life must be a result of his past or present life
having loving-kindness towards all beings. Therefore, people
in this world want to sow long life and do good deeds, so
they often go to temples to worship Buddha, chant sutras,
listen to Dharma, and give alms to be able to practice the
elements of longevity:
- Cause of
of longevity is formed from benevolence, and compassion to
help all beings. Freeing living beings by yourself, praising
and admonishing others to do the work of freeing living
beings, and giving material wealth to everyone and all
formed from a calm mind, a spirit of harmony with everyone,
without anger, a disciplined life, knowing how to regulate
eating, drinking, living with a schedule, not working too
is the basic foundation of good seeds. Talking about
compassion can be roughly divided into two aspects:
people in society, you help people living in poverty and
animals, you must strictly observe the precept to kill and
often release living beings.
If you want
to live a long life, you must not only help the poor and
miserable, but you must also have compassion and love to
protect animals. For example, seeing a baby because he
doesn't understand should kill or mistreat animals for fun,
you must advise and teach them, don't let their killing
habits grow, make them lose all compassion, even lead to
about causes and conditions for longevity, the Sutra of
Giving Food or the Sutra of Five Blessings is written:
give food and drink in this life or in the next life will
receive five kinds of blessings, which are:
is a long life.
- Peace is
peace of mind and body.
- Beauty is
a beautiful face and body.
- Force is a
body with full energy.
- To speak
is to have eloquence, to speak well.
if you give food, you will get rich retribution, because
giving food is also giving away material things. If you have
a sincere heart while giving, you will receive retribution
in this life or the next born into a noble family, respected
and admired by many. If you are a follower of the Buddha,
the practice sessions such as chanting, worshiping the
Buddha, reciting the Buddha's name, repenting, meditating,
etc., are all reasons for prolonging life.
short life is of course the result of killing animals in
your previous life or this life, you must accept the evil
retribution. This is the cause and condition of premature
- Cause of
premature death: Killing animals, mistreating, torturing
animals or people...
of premature death: Always angry, all day worried about
eating, working too hard, making friends with evil people. .
in the present life is due to your reverence and almsgiving
in your present or past life. So, if you want to be rich,
you must sow the seeds of reverence, humility, and
generosity right now. Having understood the cause, plus your
own efforts, means the support conditions, you will
definitely get rich results.
If you seek
wealth without creating wealth, you will never get the
results of wealth. So the most basic thing of wealth is that
you have to cultivate many causes of giving without having
to seek retribution or the enjoyment of riches.
cause of getting rich is giving money and material things to
the poor and miserable. If you put your own strength to get
rich, it's just a kind of help to get rich! If there were
people in the past life who did not do benevolence and
almsgiving but in this life try their best to earn money,
they would not make any money, or even if they had money but
had no way to keep it, soon lost anyway.
fundamental cause of wealth is generosity. And the reason to
be on the throne is that you bow to the saints and sages in
the ten directions, and respect all sentient beings.
Although living in an unfavorable situation, still keep a
humble mind, not using tricks, bribes, or running around to
find out. Those who meet good predestined conditions,
favorable circumstances plus enthusiasm in work, or are
promoted by others are all signs and conditions of nobility,
not the main cause.
said: If I am not rich, how can I give alms?
anyone can give alms, even the very poor and needy have the
opportunity and capacity to give. For example, each time
before eating, you can give a few grains of rice to small
animals, or invite people to drink a bowl of cool water.
Just a small thing like that does not need to spend money.
So, giving is something that anyone can do if they want to.
So the Buddha said:
- If you
rise above all your own poverty to generate generosity, you
will one day be freed from the sea of poverty. If you have
low self-esteem and think that you are poor and have nothing
to give, you will forever be unable to escape the armor of
poverty that surrounds you and will not have the opportunity
to change your status.
life, the reason you are poor and miserable is because of
the stingy, greedy, and selfish actions you have created in
your previous life. If you want to improve that poor or bad
destiny, you must first get rid of your stingy mind,
behavior, and habit.
you also have to know how to rejoice in merit, that is, when
you see other people get something good, you will also be
happy according to their happiness, not jealous...
3- Peace of
mind and body
Health is a
state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and
not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Thus, in
order for the body and mind to always be at peace, it must
clearly include three factors: physical, mental, and social
must go together. A peaceful body means a peaceful and happy
body. Peace and happiness are understood as very good
states. When the materials in the body interact and
harmonize with each other, they will be at peace.
mind means that the mind is not disturbed by external
circumstances. In order for your mind not to be swayed by
external circumstances, you must practice four immeasurable
minds: loving-kindness, compassion, joy, and equanimity. At
the same time, you also have to understand Impermanence,
Suffering, No-self, and Emptiness, all of which are caused
well-being is even more important. Relationships between
family members, relationships between neighbors, and the
wider community will help you lead a happy life. Know
freedom to live happily. Freedom is inner freedom, to turn
inward to rely on yourself because the best doctor is
Accumulation of Yin Virtue
wealth, peace of mind, and body at the end of life are all
the results of the accumulation of yin virtue. If your past
life did not accumulate yin virtue, then your present life
will certainly not have a long life, no wealth, nor a
peaceful body and mind. If you don't accumulate yin virtue
right now, then in the future it will be very difficult to
get good conditions.
know that the accumulation of yin virtue is the source of
all joy and happiness, as well as the foundation of merit
and all good fortune. Suppose you are rich, but currently,
you are not cultivating the cause of accumulating yin
virtue, then all enjoyment and consumption will turn into
luxury, because there is no good cultivation, when enjoying
all the blessings and retribution then, of course, they will
become poor and miserable. Therefore, the venerable ones
- Enjoying a
lot of material things will wear out the blessings, and
enjoying the five types of sex, there is not much time for
happiness, but suffering in Eternal life.
When you use
material things, they will forever no longer belong to you,
only giving them to the appropriate place in Buddhism,
called cultivating a field of merit, is yours. Taking from
the society to use for the public affairs of the society,
those assets will have lasting meaning, because they will
not be taken away by natural disasters, man-made disasters,
robbers, kings and mandarins, and children of bankruptcy.
Therefore, the ancients advised you to give alms to
accumulate yin virtue.
If you don't
give alms and cultivate virtue, your future life will be
extremely tragic, especially when you die, all money,
material things, friends, relatives, authority, and
influence are tied to force your way to liberation. In fact,
those things are not brought with you at birth, not taken
away at death, only the good or bad karma created while you
were still alive will really pursue you like a shadow with a
picture. This is to say that if you cultivate morality at
present time, blessings will follow you. So, from now on,
you should not hesitate, but must be determined and make
efforts to cultivate morality.
5- Peace of
mind at death
advance the date and time of death is a very difficult
problem, it seems, that few people can achieve it. Many
people have seen the struggling state of others when they
are about to die and have felt the pain before parting, so
they once lamented that:
Amitabha Buddha, I really don't ask for anything else all my
life, I just hope that I will be fine when I die.
when people are about to die, they fall into limbo, fumbling
around, unable to control the six senses. Bewildered like a
crab in a pan of boiling water, like an ant in a hot pot. On
the body, there were scary scenes such as convulsing
muscles, eyes widening, lying down, and mouth gasping.
suffering of a dying person is like a tortoise being molted.
see the scene of struggling, crying and groaning, and many
other gestures, it is just death karma appearing on the
outside. In fact, in the heart of the dying person, they are
extremely afraid and miserable because they have to part
with loved ones or because they are attached to possessions
children, my wife, and worries about the house, garden,
possessions, or the intention of doing something unfinished,
make the mind fall into a tragic state of shock.
the dying person's mind feels lost, without support. That is
hard to imagine!
extremely rich are not all at ease at the time of death.
People who live for a hundred years are not necessarily
comfortable when they let go of their hands and close their
eyes. Looking back, from the past to the present, there are
many magnanimous heroes, they used to roam across the five
continents and four seas, their majesty could move mountains
to fill the sea. But really when it's time to die, there
aren't many people who are gentle enough to leave!
is as if someone had to leave their body in the battle to go
to war. Some people were forced to die, and others were sent
to exile and shot to death. Some people are poisoned to
death, others are accidentally killed. There are even people
who died and were beaten in the body by whips and were
hunted and killed for nine generations
do not die in their bedroom, but in the field by suicide. Or
being run over by a car, natural disaster, starvation,
burning, drowning, etc. The unlucky people died unsettled,
in panic, and filled with grudges. If there is hatred or
panic in the heart ... then that person will definitely be
reincarnated into a bad realm, such as making the body of a
poisonous snake, or wild animal, ... to reclaim the old
If there are
people who enjoy all their blessings and then go back to
living in starvation and die, they are very likely to turn
into hungry ghosts. People who die in shackles will often
become animals in the next life, and most people will be
burned to death and go to hell….
suddenly die, their bodies have to endure great suffering,
and their hearts are always sad and resentful. Not keeping
mindfulness, but in his mind aroused hatred and afflictions,
such a person is easy to falls into the realms of hell,
ghosts, and animals. So, the Venerable One often recommends
making a vow:
- May when I
come to die,
The body is
free from sickness and pain, the mind is free from greed,
does not pervert and is led by the saints...
cultivating merit and vows you can achieve according to your
- A small
comfort at the time of death: No sudden disaster, no
illness, but passed away.
average comfort at the time of death: Not only is there no
illness, but also no resentment or guilt in the heart. This
is what it is: Rise up without shame to the sky, bow down
without shame to the earth, and die peacefully.
comfort at the time of death: Know yourself in advance of
the time of death. Body and mind are not obstructed by
karma. Freely liberated, he passed away and personally saw
the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas.
This is a
perfect human being. People who have a peaceful state at the
time of death should absolutely not rely on that to generate
pride. Having such a thing must be achieved by cultivating
many blessings and wisdom. Ease of death and good karma in
the past life are closely related, but the most important
thing is that your mind is calm and morally cultivated in
this life. Unless you are generous with the virtue of yin,
put an end to false thoughts and devote yourself to
practice. Otherwise, it will be very difficult to be at
peace at the time of death.
many causes of comfort at the time of death, but there are
roughly three conditions:
- Do Not Do
Evil, through which you should not do evil deeds such as
killing animals, stealing, committing adultery, lying,
drinking and getting drunk, not taking advantage of other
people's comforts, etc. With this course of action, you will
not create more resentments that accumulate every day. At
the time of death, there will be no wrongdoers to disturb
and prevent your liberation.
All Good, that is, the mind often makes vows to benefit
sentient beings, then follow that vow to practice. For
example, you often release living beings, help people in
need, print sutras, make statues, make offerings to monks,
etc. If you make a good relationship every day, not only
will your body and mind enjoy a lot of happiness, but also
when you die, you will often be protected by Buddhas and
Bodhisattvas, who will help you and lead you to be born in
the Western Land of Ultimate Bliss of Amitabha, the Eastern
Land of the Medicine Buddha, or whatever good realm you want
to go to. Then what better than that!
- In the
midst of keeping your mind pure, whether you are doing good
deeds, reading and chanting sutras, meditating and reciting
the Buddha's name..., all of them focus on keeping your mind
pure, so you will be at peace at the time of your death.
Although life in society is full of turmoil, you have to
deal with thousands of tasks every day, but most
importantly, you must always keep your mind pure, that is:
the work is busy, the mind is not busy.
If you make
a lot of effort to practice like this, when you die, your
mind will be free of attachments.
is like a stream of water that goes downhill forever. Months
and years piled up, and people's lives gradually shortened.
In life, it seems that everyone wants to make themselves
rich and lucky and no one wants to fall into a difficult
wealth, peace of mind and body, accumulation of yin virtue,
and comfort at the time of death, all these five blessings
are closely related. The life of a person who is considered
to be perfect is that person's life is peaceful and happy
because of the gathering of these five blessings. If one of
the five blessings is missing, it cannot be called a perfect
human life. Because some people live a long life without
merit, life is very poor and needy. There are people who are
rich and have a lot of wealth, but their lives are short, or
they are afflicted with mental suffering. There are people
who are poor but have peace of mind at the end of life…v..v…
the circumstances of life are colorful and different. But in
the end, only those who have enough five blessings can life
be considered a perfect life.
In fact, of
the five types of blessings mentioned above, the most
important part is still the fourth blessing, which is the
accumulation of yin virtue. Accumulating yin virtue is the
cause and source of merit. Blessing is the result and
manifestation of the cumulative effect of yin virtue. If you
only need merit but do not accumulate yin virtue, then you
are the one who left the root to find the top. So please
wealth, peace of mind and body, and peace at the end of
life, these four blessings are the result, and the fourth
kind of merit, which is the accumulation of yin virtue, is
for this life's longevity, wealth, and peace of mind and
body is the result of a past life filled with virtues. And
the comfort at the end of life is mainly the result of
cultivating good virtues in this life. In other words,
longevity, wealth, and peace of mind and body are the
results in the present life, while the peace of mind at the
end of life is the retribution in the future.
five kinds of blessings, it is very difficult to find peace
at the time of death. Because in this life, you create a lot
of yin virtue, then you will have a peaceful death. But
longevity and wealth are not necessarily like that! There
are some people in this world who are rich and have long
lives, but they do not like doing meritorious deeds. This is
because their past lives were virtuous, so they are
retribution today. As for the people of this world who are
rich but do not like to do meritorious deeds, not only are
their bodies and minds not healthy and peaceful in their
present life, it is certain that in the future it will be
difficult to close their eyes in peace.
being a human without knowing morality, character, and
wisdom but constantly searching for knowledge, industry,
material comforts, and lust is a huge omission. As above, I
have introduced the five merits and causes of cultivation to
achieve those five types of merit:
Longevity is mainly the result of compassion.
Wealth is the result of giving and reverence.
- Peace of
mind and body is the result of a pure mind.
Accumulating yin virtue is calling on you to make good
connections, gather merit and practice an honest mind.
- Peace of
mind at the end of life is due to your actions, fame, and
fortune, doing good without clinging to good, so you can be
like that. In other words, this is the result of your
mind-stream being unobstructed.
there are many ways to cultivate merit and good conditions,
all blessings and wisdom do come out of the heart, as long
as you have diligent practice in your mind, sow many good
causes, and often uproot it weeds: Greed, anger, delusion,
selfishness, and often bring compassionate water to the
field of mind to be healthy, and also often use the light of
wisdom to illuminate all good causes. If so, the five
blessings will be produced, and you will live the good life
of a perfect life.
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